Symtoms & Causes of Varicose Veins

 

Family Healthcare & Cardiac Center

trusted VARICOSE VEINS clinic serving Bay ridge, Brooklyn, New york

Symptoms of Varicose Veins

what do varicose veins look like?

Varicose veins are usually a cosmetic concern, but could be a sign that you are more susceptible to other circulatory problems. Some people that exercise experience pain or discomfort, which is not life-threatening but can be very unpleasant and usually worsen after standing or sitting for long periods of time. At Family Healthcare & Cardiac Center, experienced vein experts will help you to solve the issues and keep your veins healthy.

 
 Poor circulation in the legs can cause varicose veins. Blood moves through a healthy vein in only one direction, and a healthy vein does not push or bulge against the skin. As a vein becomes weakened by time and constant pressure, it can start allowing some blood to flow backward. Without treatment varicose veins will worsen over time.    Poor circulation can also cause swollen ankles. Like varicose veins, swollen ankles get worse over the course of the day. Without treatment swollen ankles can worsen until the trapped fluid inside begins to leak out through the skin. This is called an ulcer. Ulcers are painful and leave you vulnerable to bacterial infection.    Spider veins are similar to varicose veins and have the same causes and treatments. Spider veins are smaller and redder than varicose veins. Usually, they appear in patches on the thighs or ankles, although some people will see them first on their nose and cheeks. Treating spider veins is very similar to modern varicose vein treatments.    Varicose veins become more numerous and visible over time. Some people develop itchy or painful varicose veins. Sometimes other, related symptoms also appear, like leg swelling or a feeling of heaviness in the leg.    Varicose Veins are usually a cosmetic concern, but could be a sign that you are more susceptible to other circulatory problems. Some people that exercise experience pain or discomfort, which is not life-threatening but can be very unpleasant and usually worsen after standing or sitting for long periods of time. These physical symptoms occur near the affected veins and can include:  Aches  Feeling of heaviness  Itching  Bleeding not due to injury    Some physical symptoms are indicative of a serious issue. Alert your doctor right away if you experience:  Color changes in your skin  The vein becoming hard  Inflammation of the skin around your ankles, or skin ulcers near your ankle

Varicose vein symptoms first start to appear when you have higher than normal blood pressure.

Poor circulation in the legs can cause varicose veins.

Spider veins are similar to varicose veins and have the same causes and treatments. Spider veins are smaller and redder than varicose veins.

 

Physical symptoms occur near the affected veins and can include:

  • Aches

  • Feeling of heaviness

  • Itching

  • Bleeding not due to injury

Some symptoms are indicative of a serious issue. Come to FHCC to see our vein specialists right away if you experience:

  • Color changes in your skin

  • The vein becoming hard

  • Inflammation of the skin around your ankles, or skin ulcers near your ankle

 
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A vein becomes varicose when the one-way valves inside the vein fail. Blood becomes trapped inside the vein, and the vein swells up and twists. Most cases of Varicose Veins occur in the legs and feet, due to the effects of gravity on our upright posture. Varicose Veins are visibly dark blue or purple and can appear bulging or twisted.


What causes Varicose Veins?

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Varicose veins run in families, but everyone can lower their personal risks by avoiding other causes of varicose veins.

While you are standing, the veins inside your legs are forced to fight gravity while pumping blood back to the heart. Over time, the valves inside the vein can become weaker.

Obesity and pregnancy can contribute to varicose veins. Carrying extra weight means your circulatory system has to deliver more blood to more cells.

High blood pressure is related to varicose veins. The higher the pressure inside your veins, the faster they will get loose.

Frequent air travel causes varicose veins. Pilots, flight attendants, and frequent flyers famously suffer from varicose veins due to changing air pressure.

Hormonal balance change can contribute to varicose veins.

Smoking causes varicose veins and many other circulatory diseases.


Stage of Vein Disease

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Spider veins are patches of tiny veins that are so close to the skin that they can be seen. Spider veins can be treated with a variety of modern therapies involving lasers, radio frequencies, and other minimally-invasive procedures. 

Reticular veins are larger and more noticeable than spider veins. Reticular veins can feed excess blood into spider veins, so sometimes reticular vein treatment will also reduce the appearance of spider veins. 

Varicose veins are easier to notice because they puff up and bulge out from the skin. They are more likely to ache or itch than reticular veins. You can come and meet vascular specialist family healthcare & cardiac center about the causes behind your varicose veins and whether you want to pursue treatment. 

Chronic venous insufficiency is when varicosities start to genuinely affect one’s health. Poorly functioning valves inside the veins allow blood to flow backward and get stuck inside the leg vein. A person with chronic venous insufficiency has weak valves in many or most of their leg veins. At this stage, ankles can become swollen with extra fluid and the legs are likely to feel heavy, weak, painful, and/or itchy.  

Trophic ulcers occur when vein disease is at its most severe, the skin around the veins can become damaged, usually on the feet. Trophic ulcers will not heal on their own, but don’t usually hurt. However, do not ignore them, because they leave you very vulnerable to bacterial infection.

Varicose eczema is similar; it’s caused by the same weakened blood vessel valves and build-up of excess fluid as trophic ulcers. However, varicose eczema looks similar to traditional eczema because it’s very itchy and the fluid leaks out over a small area of the skin instead of in one spot. Varicose eczema is also a symptom of a serious circulation problem and requires prompt medical attention.

 

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