Everything You Need to Know About High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)


Family Healthcare & Cardiac Center

Cardiovascular clinic with trusted cardiologist & vein specialists, offering wide range of vascular tests, imaging & treatments in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, NY.


High blood pressure is the high tension of blood in the arteries, which carry the blood from the heart throughout the body. Each blood pressure reading has two different set of numbers. The top number is known as the Systolic blood pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts. The bottom number is known as the diastolic pressure, which is the pressure of the blood in the arteries when the heart relaxes.


Risk Factors Associated with High Blood Pressure:

Unhealthy eating habits: Food items that are high in sodium and fats put you at a higher risk of high blood pressure.

Obesity: Gaining weight and having excess weight commonly leads to high blood pressure.

Sedentary Lifestyle: When you live a sedentary lifestyle naturally you may gain weight, this in return increases blood pressure levels.

Smoking: The nicotine found in cigarettes raises blood pressure. This is also true for people who smoke E-Cigarettes as well.


Symptoms of High Blood Pressure:

pressure is labeled as “the silent killer”. When experienced the symptoms of high blood pressure include; Headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, blurred vision, and nausea. The symptoms you experience will be dependant on the severity of your high blood pressure.


What happens when high blood pressure goes undiagnosed?

  • Heart Attack: High blood pressure over time damages arteries, these arteries become blocked which in return cause a heart attack.

  • Stroke: A stroke is caused by the vessels in your brain to clog or burst.

  • Heart/kidney Failure: The excess work experienced by the heart and kidneys due to high blood pressure can eventually lead to the organs being over-worked and cause them to fail.

  • Vision loss: The blood vessels in the eyes can become strained and damaged due to high blood pressure.

  • PAD: Peripheral Artery Disease can develop due to the blocking and narrowing of arteries from high blood pressure.


Treatment for High Blood Pressure:

There are several medications available to treat high blood pressure. However, the best treatment is to change unhealthy lifestyle habits such as losing weight, eating healthy, exercising, and limiting alcohol consumed.

Some tips for losing weight:

  • Cutting back on sugar and carbs- often when people cut out sugars and carbs they lose weight quickly. However the change must be permanent to maintain the lost weight.

  • Eating lean proteins, proper fats,and vegetables- Lean proteins include chicken breast, turkey breast, tilapia, and egg whites.

  • Eating Low-carb vegetables- spinach, tomatoes, kale, lettuce, cucumber, broccoli, and brussel sprouts.

  • Substituting bad fat for good fat- canola oil, vegetable oil and butter are terrible fat sources. Use olive oil or coconut oil for a healthier fat source.

  • Lifting weights- Weight training burns calories long after you lift. Keep in mind that once you start weight training you may be hungrier more often than before. Stay on track with healthy snack options to satisfy your hunger in order to not gain weight.



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