Peripheral Artery Disease
Family Healthcare & Cardiac Center
Family Healthcare & Cardiac Center specializes in Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). Our clinicians are devoted to serving patients with venous insufficiency, venous reflux, leg pain or leg swelling, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc. Call us at (718)-439-5111 or visit us at 7404 5th Ave. Brooklyn, New York 11209 -Bay Ridge area, for more information.
About Peripheral Artery Disease✎
What is peripheral artery disease?
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD/PVD) is a common blood circulation and claudication problem in the leg where narrowed arteries reduce blood flow. When you develop Peripheral Artery Disease, your legs do not receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand. This causes symptoms such as leg pain at rest, and when walking.
Who is affected by Peripheral artery disease?
Men and women are equally affected by Peripheral Artery Disease, however diabetic women are more likely to develop PAD than diabetic men. Age is the biggest determinant of risk for PAD, people over the age of 65 are mostly affected. In the United States about 8-12 million people are affected by Peripheral artery disease. The number of people affected by PAD is expected to rise to 9.6-16 million people by 2050.
Why does Peripheral artery disease matter?
Peripheral Artery Disease can become very dangerous, even life threatening. Due to PAD being a result of blocked or narrowed arteries, your major organs are affected. Without proper circulation your arms, legs and feet do not receive the proper levels of oxygen. If the poor circulation goes untreated, the tissue eventually becomes infected or dies (gangrene).
What are the symptoms of PAD?
Aches and Pains in the Leg After Short Walks
Feeling Short of Breath after a Short Walk
Swollen Ankles at Night
Increased Blood Pressure
Shiny Leg Skin
A change in the color of your legs
No pulse or a weak pulse in your legs or feet
Trouble Getting an Erection, Especially with Diabetes
How is Peripheral Artery Disease Diagnosed?
Peripheral artery disease is diagnosed using one or more of the following tests:
Basic Physical Exam. Your doctor will check your pulse and listen to your heart’s arteries using a stethoscope. He or she will take note of any wounds that are not healing.
Ankle-Brachial Index. Your circulation is tested in each wrist and ankle, and the results are compared to one another. The test may be repeated after physical exercise to compare those results.
Ultrasound. Your doctor will use ultrasound waves to create a visual image of blood flowing through your veins and arteries.
Blood Tests. Levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood will be measured, and your doctor can check to see if you are diabetic.
Angiography. A harmless dye is injected into your blood vessels. Your doctor will watch as the dye makes its way through your circulatory system, noting any concerning locations.
Treatment for Peripheral Artery Disease
Catheter Angiography. Your cardiologist will guide a catheter from an artery in your groin to the location of a suspected blockage. He or she will then use medication inside the catheter to dilate your artery. Although this test is more invasive, narrow arteries can be both diagnosed and treated during a single procedure.
Why it’s done: Cardiologist may recommend a Catheter Angiography if you have symptoms of coronary artery disease, pain in your chest, or abnormal results on heart tests.
Risks: As with any procedure there are risks involved. Major complications are rare with Catheter Angiography. Potential risks include: heart attack, stroke, irregular heart rhythms, injury to catherized artery, Kidney damage, bleeding, infection and Allergic reactions to the dye or medications.
For more information visit: https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/coronary-angiogram/about/pac-20384904
Walking Program. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has developed a walking program to better your overall health. The walking program is a 12-week walking schedule consisting of walking at least 5 days a week.
For more information visit: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/fitness/in-depth/walking/art-20050972
Medications. In some instances, lifestyle changes are not enough or are not attainable, when this occurs your doctor may prescribe medication. Aspirin or Clopidogrel (Plavix) are medications that decreases the chance of heart attack or stroke. Warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) prevent blood clots. Pentoxifylline (Trental, Pentolix) or Cilostazol (Pletal) allow for increased circulation to your feet and legs. Statins (Crestor, Lipitor, Zocor) help lower your cholesterol. These are the main medications that ay be prescribed for individuals with PAD.
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Saturday 8:00 AM- 5:00 PM